China News (Shanghai Daily)





Factory raises US$3.8m for victims of disease leak

A total of 25 million yuan (US$3.8 million) has been raised to compensate brucellosis cases caused by contaminated factory exhaust in 2019 in Lanzhou, capital of northwest China’s Gansu Province, local authorities said yesterday.As of Monday, a total of 10,528 people have been confirmed antibody-positive for brucella after the contaminated exhaust led to infections between July and August 2019, according to the provincial disease prevention and control center.The infections were caused by the use of expired disinfectant at the Lanzhou biological pharmaceutical factory of China Animal Husbandry Industry Co Ltd, which produces animal brucellosis vaccines. The failed disinfections resulted in the bacteria entering the exhaust emitted by the factory.Wei Qingxiang, deputy mayor of Lanzhou, said the CAHIC Lanzhou biological pharmaceutical factory is directly responsible for the incident and should bear the expenses for treating brucella-related symptoms of the cases throughout their lifetime.The factory has raised the money to set up a designated fund.So far, it has fully borne the medical expenses of victims and paid about 3.84 million yuan to 3,244 people.Brucella is characterized by fever, malaise and headaches.

Source: Shanghai Daily: Nation | 4 Dec 2020 | 5:19 am(NZT)

Winning the war against poverty

China has vowed to eliminate absolute poverty by the end of this year, 10 years ahead of the poverty-eradication schedule set by the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.China has recently achieved the feat of removing all remaining counties from the poverty list.But it still faces major challenges in making further progress and safeguarding the gains already made.Over the past 40-plus years of reform and opening-up, more than 700 million people have been lifted out of poverty — more than 70 percent of the global reduction.UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres called China’s achievements “very strong.”Since 1978, China has adjusted the standard for absolute poverty several times to keep it in line with social and economic development.The current rural poverty line is 2,300 yuan (US$350) per person per year at the 2010 price level. The figure is subject to adjustment. In 2019, the poverty line was 3,218 yuan.Considering factors such as purchasing power parity and the urban-rural price gap, the standard is higher than the World Bank’s extreme-poverty benchmark of US$1.90 per person per day.China’s poverty-eradication standard cannot be defined by income alone. The basic campaign also helps ensure the poor have enough food and clothing, as well as access to compulsory education, basic medical services and safe housing.China has pledged to prioritize the development of agriculture and rural areas, and to advance rural vitalization.The country is improving the quality, efficiency and competitiveness of agriculture, carrying out rural development initiatives, and giving rural construction an important position in socialist modernization. Efforts are also being made to deepen rural reforms to improve the integrated urban-rural development mechanism.Safeguarding jobsChina has strived to reduce rural poverty with technological innovations. In the past five years, it has focused on the technical bottleneck of the agricultural industry and promoted more than 50,000 new varieties and technologies.Continued efforts have also been made to safeguard employment of the poor, with more than 90 percent of the registered poverty-stricken population having received support in employment or benefited from poverty-relief policies.Although China is on track to eradicate absolute poverty by the end of 2020, tackling relative poverty will be a long-term task, said Ou Qingping, deputy-director of the State Council Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation and Development. Ou also stressed efforts to optimize the monitoring-and-assisting mechanism to prevent people from sliding back.After winning a complete victory against poverty, China will allow a transition period during which policies and assistance to help the poor will remain unchanged.Follow-up work in poverty-alleviation relocation will be stressed, while the rural social security and relief system will be improved.

Source: Shanghai Daily: Nation | 4 Dec 2020 | 5:19 am(NZT)

Strategy to improve ways to modify weather

China wants to boost its ability to modify the weather and will extend an artificial rain and snow program to cover at least 5.5 million square kilometers by 2025, the country’s cabinet said on Wednesday.The State Council said in policy guidelines it would ensure its weather modification capabilities would reach an “advanced” level by 2035, and would focus on revitalizing rural regions, restoring ecosystems and minimizing losses from natural disasters.China has frequently used cloud seeding to relieve droughts or clear the air ahead of major international events.It has also been building a weather modification system on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, Asia’s biggest freshwater reserve, to pump large quantities of silver iodide into the clouds to increase rainfall.The cabinet plan said China would continue its artificial weather operations in key areas like the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, as well as the major ecological protection zones of the Yellow and Yangtze rivers, and build its scientific capabilities.

Source: Shanghai Daily: Nation | 4 Dec 2020 | 5:19 am(NZT)

Fuel prices increased

Retail prices of gasoline and diesel will increase from today, the country’s top economic planner said yesterday.Prices will increase by 250 yuan (US$38.11) and 240 yuan per ton, the National Development and Reform Commission said.China’s three biggest oil companies have been asked to maintain production and facilitate transportation to ensure stable supplies.

Source: Shanghai Daily: Nation | 4 Dec 2020 | 5:19 am(NZT)

Beijing run canceled

The 2020 Beijing Marathon will be canceled amid COVID-19 containment protocols, organizers said yesterday.It is the event’s first cancelation in its 40-year history.Upon hearing the news, Chinese netizens took to social media to express their support for the move.

Source: Shanghai Daily: Nation | 4 Dec 2020 | 5:19 am(NZT)

New Arctic satellite

China plans to launch a new Synthetic Aperture Radar imaging satellite for monitoring Arctic shipping routes, its developers said yesterday.Lead scientist Cheng Xiao, of the Sun Yat-sen University, said it is capable of providing a one-day revisit of most areas across the Arctic.Data will be used to monitor and predict sea ice, climate change and marine disasters, boosting the safety of Arctic shipping routes.Fast and high-precision monitoring of Arctic sea ice has become urgent. But current SAR satellites cannot meet requirements. The SAR satellite is likely to be launched in 2022.

Source: Shanghai Daily: Nation | 4 Dec 2020 | 5:19 am(NZT)

Peacekeepers head off

A 350-member force of China’s seventh peacekeeping infantry battalion to Juba in South Sudan yesterday left north China’s Tianjin municipality on a one-year deployment.It is the first batch of the 700-strong mission to the east African country.The team will be tasked with armed patrols, responding to conflicts and protecting civilians. The rest of the battalion will leave late this month.

Source: Shanghai Daily: Nation | 4 Dec 2020 | 5:19 am(NZT)

New US visa restrictions criticized

CHINA yesterday accused critics in the US government of “an escalation of political suppression” against Beijing following a report of new visa restrictions on members of Communist Party of China and their immediate family members. Foreign ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying said China would “make representations” to the US following yesterday’s report in the New York Times that such people would be limited to one-month, single-entry visas. She called Washington’s approach “totally inconsistent with the US’s own interests,” and said it would damage America’s global image. “I think it is obvious to all that this is an escalation of political suppression by some extreme anti-China forces in the US out of strong ideological prejudice and deep-rooted Cold War mentality against China,” Hua said. The NYT quoted a spokesman for the US State Department as saying the new policy, which took immediate effect on Wednesday, was a part of ongoing action to protect the United States from the Chinese Communist Party’s “malign influence.” Previously, Party members, like other Chinese citizens, could obtain US visitor visas of up to 10 years’ duration. The report estimated the new restrictions could theoretically apply to around 270 million people. The new visa guidelines allow American officials to determine someone’s party status based on their application and interview, the paper reported. Chinese who make up the single largest group of foreign students at American universities have already complained of tougher conditions for obtaining or extending visas. Chinese academics have also faced greater scrutiny, while dozens of journalists with state media have been forced to return home and visa restrictions have been placed on those remaining. The restrictions would be the latest punitive measure taken by the US against China amid sharpening disputes over a host of issues. On Wednesday, the US said it would block imports from a major Chinese producer of cotton goods that it says uses the “forced labor.” The US Customs and Border Protection agency said on Wednesday its “Withhold Release Order” would ban cotton and cotton products from the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps. The ban against XPCC, which produced 30 percent of China’s cotton in 2015 could have a sweeping effect on companies globally involved in selling textiles and apparel to the United States. Hua responded by saying that US politicians “concoct false news about forced labor so as to suppress Chinese firms and China.” “All workers in Xinjiang choose their occupations based on their own volition and sign labor contracts with firms based on the principle of equality and free will,” she said, adding that the ban contravenes international trade rules and would hurt consumers everywhere. XPCC controls about a third of cotton production in the Uighur region and about 6 percent of all cotton globally, according to the Worker Rights Consortium, a nongovernmental organization. On another front, the US House of Representatives passed “The Holding Foreign Companies Accountable Act,” which bars securities of foreign companies from being listed on any US exchange if they have failed to comply with the US Public Accounting Oversight Board’s audits for three years in a row. While it applies to companies from any country, the legislation’s sponsors intended it to target Chinese companies listed in the United States, such as Alibaba, tech firm Pinduoduo Inc and oil giant PetroChina Co Ltd. The measure passed the House by unanimous voice vote, after passing the Senate unanimously in May, sending it to President Donald Trump, who the White House said is expected to sign it into law. Hua said the law would harm global investors’ confidence in the US market, and China will take necessary countermeasures to protect its benefits. She said China hopes the US can provide a fair and non-discriminatory environment for foreign firms to invest and operate in the US, instead of setting up layers of barriers. According to figures from a congressional commission, 217 Chinese companies were listed on US stock exchanges in October.

Source: Shanghai Daily: Nation | 4 Dec 2020 | 5:19 am(NZT)

Chang’e-5 probe takes off after collecting samples from moon

CHANG’E-5 carrying the country’s first lunar samples blasted off from the moon late yesterday, the China National Space Administration announced. It is the first-ever Chinese spacecraft to take off from an extraterrestrial body. Chang’e-5 probe, comprising an orbiter, a lander, an ascender and a returner, was launched on November 24, and its lander-ascender combination touched down on the north of the Mons Rumker in Oceanus Procellarum, also known as the Ocean of Storms, on the near side of the moon on Tuesday. After the samples were collected and sealed, the ascender of Chang’e-5 took off from the lunar surface, and is expected to complete unmanned rendezvous and docking with the orbiter-returner in lunar orbit, an unprecedented feat. The sample collection was completed after 19 hours at 10pm on Wednesday, and the samples were stowed in a container inside the ascender of the probe as planned, the space agency said. China had planned to collect the samples over a period of about two days, with the entire mission taking around 23 days. By using data sent back by the probe, researchers simulated the sampling procedure in a lab, providing an important basis for the operation on the moon. The lunar regolith penetrating radar and other payloads installed on the lander have carried out scientific exploration as planned and provided information support for sampling. Chang’e is equipped to both scoop samples from the surface with a robotic arm and drill 2 meters to retrieve materials that could provide clues of the moon’s origins, formation and volcanic activity on its surface. The moon samples have been sealed inside the spacecraft to ensure that they are kept in a vacuum and free from the influence of the external environment during its return to the Earth. While retrieving samples is its main task, the lander is also equipped with multiple payloads, including a landing camera, panorama camera, lunar regolith penetrating radar and lunar mineralogical spectrometer, to extensively photograph the area surrounding its landing site, map conditions below the surface and analyze the lunar soil for minerals and water content. The probe has withstood temperatures of over 100 degrees Celsius on the lunar surface. The ascending vehicle is planned to lift off from the lunar surface with the samples, and dock with a module currently orbiting around the moon. The samples would then be transferred to a return capsule on board the orbiting module for delivery back to Earth. Chang’e-5’s return module is supposed to touch down around the middle of December on the grasslands of Inner Mongolia, where China’s crewed Shenzhou spacecraft have made their returns. If successful, the mission will make China only the third country to have retrieved lunar samples after the United States and the Soviet Union. The Chang’e-5, the third Chinese probe to land on the moon, is the latest in a series of ambitious missions for China’s space program, which also has a probe en route to Mars. China made its first lunar landing in 2013. In January 2019, the Chang’e-4 probe landed on the far side of the moon, the first space probe from any nation to do so.

Source: Shanghai Daily: Nation | 4 Dec 2020 | 5:19 am(NZT)

Border city reports 1 domestic case

CHINA’S border city of Manzhouli reported one new domestically transmitted COVID-19 case in the past day, local health authorities said yesterday. One new asymptomatic case was also reported during the same period, the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region health commission said. As of 7am yesterday, Manzhouli had 21 domestically transmitted cases, two asymptomatic carriers and two suspected cases. Their 1,082 close contacts have been placed under medical observation. Epidemiological surveys and source tracing work regarding the cases are underway. Manzhouli launched its third round of citywide nucleic acid testing early yesterday. The city initiated two rounds of nucleic acid tests for all residents after two domestically transmitted COVID-19 cases emerged there in November. “It is necessary to carry out the third round of nucleic acid screening, so as to detect potential cases at an early stage and put them under quarantine to prevent further transmission,” said Yin Wenwu from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Meanwhile, China is carrying out sweeping inspections on food importers, supermarkets, e-commerce platforms and restaurants to prevent the spread of coronavirus through imported cold chain products, State Administration for Market Regulation said on its website on Wednesday. The administration has asked for authorities to have all cold storages registered by the end of the year. China has repeatedly detected the virus on packaging on products ranging from German pork knuckles to Ecuadorian shrimp. On Wednesday, Yuhuan City in Zhejiang reported that a sample of frozen pork from Brazil tested positive for the coronavirus, while the test on a packaging sample of Argentine beef shank in Jingmen City, Hubei Province, also returned positive.

Source: Shanghai Daily: Nation | 4 Dec 2020 | 5:19 am(NZT)

Tycoon denied bail in HK on fraud charge

HONG Kong media tycoon Jimmy Lai was denied bail yesterday on a charge of fraud related to the lease of a building that houses his Apple Daily. Lai, 73, and two senior executives of his company Next Digital, Royston Chow and Wong Wai-keung, were charged on Wednesday on suspicion of concealing from and falsely representing the use of their office to their landlord, a public corporation set up by the Hong Kong government. The magistrate overseeing the hearing denied Lai bail but granted it to Wong and Chow, setting the next court date for April 16. The charge stated they were not using the office space as permitted under the lease between 2016 to 2020, and had sub-let part of the premises, resulting in benefits to Apple Daily. Next Digital, which suspended trading yesterday, said in a statement it did not expect the charges to have an immediate impact on daily operations, as the company is operated by a team of management personnel. Its shares will resume trading today. Lai was among 10 people arrested on August 10 for suspected offenses including “collusion with a foreign country/external elements to endanger national security, conspiracy to defraud” and others. Lai was later released on bail. Suspicion of colluding with foreign forces carries a maximum sentence of life in jail under the new security law.

Source: Shanghai Daily: Nation | 4 Dec 2020 | 5:19 am(NZT)

Miao girl honors ethnic silvercraft

Sitting at an operating platform with a pair of tweezers in hand, Pan Xue places a tiny little silver thread inside a silver loop about 1 centimeter in diameter.“This is called thread-adding, which is one of the many steps of making the Miao ethnic silver ornaments,” said Pan, 23.Pan was born and raised in the village of Shuli, under the city of Kaili, in southwest China’s Guizhou Province. In her spare time, she records the process of her making ethnic silver ornaments and uploads them on China’s popular short-video platforms, such as Douyin and Kuaishou, bringing traditional craftsmanship to the public.The Miao have a long history of wearing silver ornaments. These are not just pretty, but also cultural symbols, the intricate pictures on them representing aspects of Miao history. Pan has uploaded more than 100 short videos online.“Each individual Miao ornament tells a vivid story,” she said. “I hope that, through the videos, people will better appreciate the beauty of Miao culture.”Pan’s passion for the Miao silver ornaments began when she was just a child.“The Miao people have a tradition that every Miao girl inherits a pair of silver ornaments from her parents as dowry,” Pan said.At 12, Pan’s granny took her to a local silversmith to make her dowry.Pan was amazed at how the silversmith, Zhang Yongfu, managed to create her future dowry “out of nowhere.”“From that point on, I often went to Zhang’s shop to watch him craft silver ornaments, and I helped him occasionally,” she said. “I began to want to learn the skills.”In 2016, Pan graduated from high school and chose music as her major in college. But every summer and winter holiday, she would go to Zhang’s shop to learn how to make the silver ornaments as a part-time job.During college, Pan was constantly promoting her ethnic culture by uploading videos of herself dressed in the Miao costumes, playing the Lusheng — a reed-pipe wind instrument ­ and making Miao silver ornaments. The videos grabbed people’s attention on the Internet, and some netizens wrote comments below the videos, saying they loved the Miao traditions.Pan was inspired by the feedback, and decided to learn how to make silver ornaments professionally, with a view to passing on the craftsmanship. In August 2018, she officially became Zhang’s apprentice.“Making the Miao ornaments was definitely not as easy as I thought,” Pan said.After graduating from college this year, she committed to becoming an artisan although she initially hid the decision from her parents.“It was a tough decision for me,” she said. “My parents had always wanted me to find a more ‘decent, stable’ job.”Her parents did not know their daughter’s chosen trade until journalists came to interview her. “They love the traditional culture, so they voiced no objections,” Pan said.The COVID-19 pandemic caused many silversmith shops to close, including Zhang Yongfu’s. So, Pan resorted to the Internet, posting videos and live-streaming.Once orders starting coming in, she shared them with silversmiths like Zhang. From early February to mid-April, Pan received more than 500 orders worth 115,680 yuan (US$17,606).“If it weren’t for Pan, I would not have any business this year,” Zhang said.Although now a skilled artisan, Pan often watches online training courses and studies the masters.“Innovation is important if we want to make traditional stuff more interesting,” she said. “I’m still learning.”

Source: Shanghai Daily: Nation | 3 Dec 2020 | 5:00 am(NZT)

Nano drug carrier to treat cancer

Researchers from Chinese institutes and Columbia University have developed a new nanomaterial that can act as an anti-cancer drug carrier, representing a promising strategy for precise drug delivery in cancer therapy.Drug carriers are compounds that can be attached to drug molecules for targeted delivery.Published last month in the international journal Advanced Materials, the results of animal experiments showed that the nanomaterial with a tumor cell membrane wrapped around its surface can precisely guide chemotherapy drugs to tumors.The main components of the new material are selenium and silicon dioxide, which can be degraded under X-ray irradiation, said lead researcher Dong Wenfei of the Suzhou Institute of Biomedical Engineering and Technology under the Chinese Academy of Sciences yesterday.Under low levels of X-ray irradiation, the material achieved controlled drug release. Tests on mice with breast cancer showed that the use of the nano drug carrier could double the efficiency of tumor treatment and greatly reduce toxic side effects when compared with conventional chemotherapy.

Source: Shanghai Daily: Nation | 3 Dec 2020 | 5:00 am(NZT)

Wild horses get cozy in bitter winter

Przewalski’s horses are being treated to a winter feast as Chinese breeders prepare a buffet of nutritious food for them.“We stored more than 400 tons of fodder including clover, corn and carrots for Przewalski’s horses in captivity,” said Yang Jianming, director of the Xinjiang Wild Horse Breeding and Research Center in northwest China’s Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.There are more than 2,000 of the wild horses native to Central Asia worldwide. The center is the world’s largest breeding base, with 481 horses, including 97 in captivity, 267 in the wild and 117 in semi-captivity. Just days ago, a blizzard hit the center, with temperatures as low as minus 12 degrees Celsius.“The food, especially the carrots and corn, can meet the needs of the wild horses in winter and prepare them for the breeding season in spring,” said Yang.The endangered breed is named after its Russian discoverer.

Source: Shanghai Daily: Nation | 3 Dec 2020 | 5:00 am(NZT)

Disabled storyteller her own champion

As a popular storyteller on China’s online audio-sharing platform Ximalaya FM, headmaster of a training school and founder of an NGO offering mental health services, Cao Yan seems always full of beans and ready for new adventures.“I would like to do things that others have never done before. Of course, such things must be useful to society,” Cao said.However, her audience may never know that such a lovely voice belongs to a 60-year-old woman who has suffered from severe disabilities for decades.Born in 1960 in an ordinary Beijing family, Cao had to walk with crutches as she suffered from infantile paralysis when she was six months old. Fortune has not been on her side: she lost her mother at the age of six.During childhood, Cao was fascinated by the fairy tales of Hans Christian Andersen and made up her mind to become a writer like the Danish writer. Instead of playing outdoors like other children, she spent most of her time with a radio.To be a good fairy-tale writer, Cao needed to understand children’s wild flights of fancy, so she started to visit the library every day and narrate stories to children at a primary school in Beijing as an after-school activity counsellor. She even learnt story-telling from Sun Jingxiu, a famous Chinese educator and storyteller for children.In the beginning, some children would make fun of her disability. But her persistence finally won her a loyal audience.Misfortune struck again when she was 26. A severe traffic accident condemned Cao to five orthopedic surgeries in the next six years and left her wheelchair-bound for life.Despite all odds, Cao never failed to see the silver lining. She knows what she wants and what kind of person she would like to be.Cao always makes plans for her life. After the car accident, she was desperate to become a teacher and open a school.After initially raising 50,000 yuan (US$7,600), she opened the Beijing I-Shine Education for Young Learners in 1994 to provide extracurricular art, science and language classes for children.The school now has more than 140 students and was rated a top-level private school in the downtown Xicheng District.“I always tell people you must be your own champion,” the self-made woman said. “I cannot rescue people like the firefighters but I can help them in my own way.”

Source: Shanghai Daily: Nation | 3 Dec 2020 | 5:00 am(NZT)

Qingdao carries out mass tests

THE city of Qingdao in east China’s Shandong Province inspected companies that deal with imported frozen food and conducted COVID-19 tests on workers, local authorities said yesterday. The move follows a worker of a local seafood company being found an asymptomatic carrier of COVID-19 on Tuesday. So far, 48,435 workers in the industry have been sampled for nucleic acid tests, with 48,315 testing negative and the rest awaiting results. Meanwhile, one person tested positive for the virus in south China’s Shenzhen. The case surnamed Yang is a close contact of a previous imported case who works as a cross-border truck driver from Hong Kong. All Yang’s close contacts are now quarantined. Local authorities have advised citizens to avoid traveling.

Source: Shanghai Daily: Nation | 3 Dec 2020 | 5:00 am(NZT)

Chang’e-5 begins mission to scoop lunar samples

CHINA’S Chang’e-5 probe took samples of the moon’s surface yesterday as part of a mission to bring lunar rocks back to Earth for the first time since the 1970s, the country’s space administration announced. The lander-ascender combination of Chang’e-5 has sealed up soil samples obtained from beneath the moon’s surface, and is gathering samples from the surface as planned, the China National Space Administration said yesterday. After making a successful soft landing on Tuesday night, the lander started rolling out its solar panel wings and unlocking some of the payloads on board to prepare for sample collection. It released images of the barren landing site showing the lander’s shadow. The lander first drilled a 2-meter-deep hole, digging out soil, and sealed it up at 4:53am early yesterday. Next, it will use its robotic arms to scoop up more samples from the lunar surface for backup. These samples, expected to weigh about 2 kilograms, will be sealed in what scientists have described as a long “sausage-like package.” “Samples have to be sealed up in case any contamination occurs during the course back to earth,” Luan Enjie, the chief commander of China’s first lunar mission told CCTV. “The moon environment is very different from the Earth, so samples need to be stored in a very clean container,” he added. The Chang’e-5 probe, launched November 24 from the tropical island of Hainan, is the latest venture by a space program that sent China’s first astronaut into orbit in 2003. China also has a spacecraft en route to Mars and aims eventually to land a human on the moon. Plans call for the lander to spend two days on the moon and collecting 2 kilograms of rocks and debris. The top stage of the probe will be launched back into lunar orbit to transfer the samples to a capsule to take back to Earth, where it is to land in China’s northern grasslands in mid-December. If it succeeds, it will be the first time scientists have obtained fresh samples of lunar rocks since the Soviet Union’s Luna 24 probe in 1976. From the rocks and debris, scientists hope to learn more about the moon, including its precise age, as well as about other bodies in our solar system. Collecting samples, including from asteroids, is an increasing focus of many space programs. Tuesday’s landing is “a historic step in China’s cooperation with the international community in the peaceful use of outer space,” said a foreign ministry spokeswoman, Hua Chunying. “China will continue to promote international cooperation and the exploration and use of outer space in the spirit of working for the benefit of all mankind,” Hua said. American and Russian space officials congratulated the Chinese program. “Congratulations to China on the successful landing of Chang’e 5. This is no easy task,” NASA’s science mission chief, Thomas Zurbuchen, wrote on Twitter. “When the samples collected on the Moon are returned to Earth, we hope everyone will benefit from being able to study this precious cargo that could advance the international science community.” “For the space program of China, this event is undoubtedly historic,” Deputy Director General of Roscosmos Sergei Savelyev said in a statement, after congratulating his Chinese colleagues on behalf of the corporation.

Source: Shanghai Daily: Nation | 3 Dec 2020 | 5:00 am(NZT)

BDS offers key tools on the road

China’s BeiDou Navigation Satellite System has remarkably enhanced the country’s comprehensive traffic management in both efficiency and safety, according to a new report.The BDS and related technologies have been extensively applied in all major fields in China’s transportation sector, said the report on the construction and development of the BDS released by the China Satellite Navigation Office.The BDS has been applied in many areas such as key transportation process monitoring, highway infrastructure safety monitoring, port high-precision real-time positioning and dispatching monitoring.By the end of October, around 7 million commercial road vehicles had been fitted with the BDS, accounting for 96 percent of such vehicles in operation.A total of 31,400 postal and express delivery vehicles have also applied the BDS, around 88 percent of the total.Around 1,400 public service boats and ships, 75 percent of the total, have been equipped with the BDS.It has also been installed on about 300 general aircraft, 11 percent of the total.China declared the official commissioning of the BDS on July 31, marking the formal opening of the BDS-3 system for global users.Along with positioning, navigation and timing services, the BDS-3 system also provides a variety of services like assistance in global search and rescue, short message communication, ground-based and satellite-based augmentation, and precise point positioning.

Source: Shanghai Daily: Nation | 2 Dec 2020 | 5:00 am(NZT)

Nation’s education enrollments surging

The number of graduates from Chinese colleges and universities is expected to hit 9.09 million in 2021, an increase of 350,000 over 2020, the Ministry of Education said yesterday.Efforts should be made to secure high-quality employment for graduates, according to a video conference held jointly by the MOE and the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security.The meeting stressed the importance of supporting graduates to find jobs and start businesses in emerging industries and modern services.State-owned enterprises as well as medium, small, and micro businesses are encouraged to create more positions for graduates, according to the conference.The meeting also called on graduates to serve in communities and the armed forces. The ministry also announced that the popularization of education at all levels has caught up or overtaken the corresponding average levels in middle- and high-income countries during the 13th Five-Year Plan period (2016-2020).The gross enrollment rate of senior high education reached 89.5 percent in 2019, followed by of pre-school education, at 83.4 percent, said MOE official Liu Changya.China has made headway in higher education with its gross enrollment rate exceeding 51 percent in 2019, marking a leap from mass higher education to universal access, according to the official.The country’s working-age population receive 10.7 years of education on average.And over half of the new labor force has had access to higher education, with the average years of education being 13.7, he added.

Source: Shanghai Daily: Nation | 2 Dec 2020 | 5:00 am(NZT)

Internet for all schools

By the end of 2020, all educational institutions in China will have access to the Internet, the Ministry of Education said yesterday. About 99.7 percent of schools in China have gone online so far, up by more than 30 percentage points compared to 2015. There are 10.6 million teachers’ terminals and 17.03 million students’ terminals in schools.

Source: Shanghai Daily: Nation | 2 Dec 2020 | 5:00 am(NZT)








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