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The Essential Tmux Commands Cheat Sheet

Running commands in the terminal allows you to do many tasks more quickly than you could using a graphical application. But command prompts aren’t all that great for multitasking, at least not without some help. And that’s where tmux comes in.

Tmux or terminal multiplexer is a command line program that enables you to run and view multiple commands in a single terminal window simultaneously. Each command exists in its own window pane as though you were using a full-blown tiling window manager.

To help you get started with tmux, we have compiled key tmux terms and commands in the cheat sheet below.

FREE DOWNLOAD: This cheat sheet is available as a downloadable PDF from our distribution partner, TradePub. You will have to complete a short form to access it for the first time only. Download The Essential Tmux Commands Cheat Sheet.

The Essential Tmux Commands Cheat Sheet

¹Ctrl + bDefault prefix key
tShow time (ESC returns to the terminal)
:Enter a command (Example: ":new-session")
list-commandsList all commands that tmux supports
Tmux Terms
PaneAn open command prompt (or pseudo-terminal). Panes may appear side by side or vertically stacked inside a window.
WindowYour view of open panes
SessionA set of open windows
ClientThe background process that displays your session
ServerA single server manages all open sessions (Servers and clients are separate processes that each communicate through a socket in /tmp.)
Creating and Managing Panes
%Split screen or pane in half vertically, creating a new pane on the right
"Split screen or pane in half horizontally, creating a new pane at the bottom
Switch to the adjacent pane
oSwitch to the next pane
qShow pane numbers (when numbers appear, press number to switch to that pane)
{Move current pane to the left
}Move current pane to the right
xClose the current pane
Ctrl + Resize pane in steps of one cell
Alt + Resize pane in steps of five cells
Alt + 1Arrange panes in the even-horizontal preset layout
Alt + 2Arrange panes in the even-vertical preset layout
Alt + 3Arrange panes in the main-horizontal preset layout
Alt + 4Arrange panes in the main-vertical preset layout
Alt + 5Arrange panes in the tiled preset layout
Creating and Managing Windows
cCreate a new window
!Detach pane into a new window
nSwitch to the previous window (in order of creation)
pSwitch to the next window (in order of creation)
lSwitch to the window used most recently
wList all windows and their corresponding numbers
Switch to the corresponding window
,Rename current window
iDisplay info about the current window
fSearch for text in open windows (ESC exits the search)
Creating and Managing Sessions
new-sessionCreate a new session
$Rename current session
list-sessionsList open sessions
attach-sessionCreate a new client and attach it to the specified session (-t target-session)
detach-client -s target-sessionDetach clients attached to the current session
kill-sessionDestroy the current or specified session
¹To activate a shortcut, you must first press and release the prefix key, then press the shortcut key.

More Help With the Linux Command Line

The commands above help you work in tmux using multiple panes, windows, and sessions. If you really want to make tmux your own, you can go further by editing the configuration file stored at the following location:


You can also try your hand at scripting.

When you’re working exclusively from the terminal, installing tmux is akin to installing a window manager. This gives you more flexibility when working on servers or other devices without an attached screen. Have fun exploring tmux! And if you’re looking for more command line resources, take a look at our Linux commands reference cheat sheet next.

Read the full article: The Essential Tmux Commands Cheat Sheet

Source: MakeUseOf | 5 Apr 2020 | 3:00 am(NZT)

Be Positive! 5 Good News Websites for Uplifting & Inspirational Stories

Had enough of the constant barrage of depressing and negative news in the media? Look on the brighter side with these websites and apps that give you uplifting and positive news.

These days, it seems like every news media outlet only reports on death, disease, and distress. While you shouldn’t shy away from harsh realities, the incessant bad news can affect your mental health. That’s when you should turn to these people who highlight the good.

There are news websites, apps, podcasters, and YouTubers who focus on the steps taken for betterment. This includes small acts of goodness and kindness to large leaps that inspire you to fight the good fight.

1. Some Good News (YouTube): John Krasinski’s Short Show for Positive News

Alright everybody, how about #SomeGoodNews ! Send me the stories that have made you feel good this week or the things that just made you smile!

— John Krasinski (@johnkrasinski) March 25, 2020

Actor John Krasinski, famous for The Office, was also overwhelmed by the avalanche of depressing news on TV. So he asked his Twitter followers to send him good and positive events in their lives, as well as stories they heard. That gave birth to Some Good News.

Stuck at home during the pandemic, Krasinski’s new YouTube show is all about focusing on positive news. He hosts it himself, sitting in front of an “SGN” banner drawn by his children.

The actor is quick to point out that this isn’t his natural strong suit, but it’s a good alternative to the kind of footage you’ll see on news channels.

In the first episode, Krasinski talked about a few good stories and spoke to someone who went viral after getting a rousing social-distancing reception when she beat cancer. And he spent a few minutes talking to his co-star Steve Carell.

More episodes of Some Good News will air every week, so subscribe to this channel for positive vibes with a hint of celebrity magic.

2. Newser’s Uplifting News (Web): News Aggregator for Good News

Newser has one of the best Uplifting News sections for curation

Newser is one of the oldest news aggregators on the internet. Its dedicated team of editors and writers hand-pick articles from a variety of news publications in the US and also come up with their own. One of its hidden gems is the Uplifting News section to give you a dose of happiness.

If you’re new to Newser, the website’s aim is to curate articles and summarize them. You’ll often find the juiciest part of the story in a quick few paragraphs. It’s the ideal format for positive and good news because in most cases, the cool part is worth only a few sentences. It’s the feeling you get that lasts longer than the words.

While Reddit’s r/UpliftingNews is perhaps the fastest and most frequently-updated good news website, Newser isn’t far behind. In the course of writing this article, the section got two new articles. A quick glance shows that these are daily updates, so you’ll get a little bit of joy every day.

3. Good News (Web, Android, iOS): 6 Positive News Stories Every Day

From its name to its approach, Good News keeps things simple. Every weekday, you get seven news items that talk about good things happening in the world. In particular, it focuses on social and ecological progress, showing how the world isn’t stuck in a rut.

Instead of the website, use the well-designed and powerful app. In six swipes, you’ll see all the headlines for the day. Tap any item to read the full article at the original site. You can also sort the categories you want items in, such as conservation, climate, sustainability, health, education, and human rights. The app also allows you to save items to read later.

The Good Impact Foundation, the developers, are based in Germany and get their news from German-language media, but you can switch to English language easily. And while there are a few items that only matter to Germany, largely, the news affects anyone in the world.

Download: Good News for Android | iOS (Free)

4. The Positive Truth (Podcast): Uplifting and Inspiring Stories on Audio

It’s best to give your eyes and neck some rest from continuous screen time. Podcasts are an excellent way to catch up on infotainment. J. P. Phillips and Tim McCoy host The Positive Truth, a podcast that’s all about good news.

Updated thrice a week, The Positive Podcast has three sections, one for each day.

The Uplifting and Positive News episode is a round-up of news articles that the duo comes across.

Inspiring Stories is an episode series of both articles and social media snippets.

And finally, in the Improving Your Community/World episodes, they discuss how you can make a difference in social, ecological, or other humanitarian causes.

Phillips and McCoy have an easy-going conversational style, sharing light banter and keeping a happy tone. They often have guests joining them too. Each episode lasts about 15 minutes.

It’s available on several podcast feeds, with detailed episode descriptions on Apple Podcasts.

Subscribe to The Positive Truth: SoundCloud | Apple Podcasts

5. The Happy Broadcast (Web): Illustrated, Kid-Friendly Good News

Artist Mauro Gatti illustrates the best uplifting news at The Happy Broadcast

Mauro Gatti isn’t a journalist, an actor, a social media influencer, or anything else. Mauro is an average person like you, who got fed up with venomous and vitriolic news in the media. So he started collecting positive news and used his skills as an artist to illustrate them.

The Happy Broadcast is a labor of love as Gatti uses his inimitable style to draw a new picture for uplifting news stories. Click the picture to get a short excerpt from a leading publication that inspired him.

It’s a great website to browse with your children, with bright colors and kid-friendly language. You can submit stories to Gatti through the website too.

Gatti updates the website about three times every week. You should also follow The Happy Broadcast on Instagram for the “Happier Sundays” posts, where he shares three positive stories and a feel-good task for the week.

Meditate for Happiness

Sometimes, fighting fire with fire isn’t the best way. You can’t always drown out the negativity of the media by reading positive news instead. Be open to trying different strategies to ensure a healthy mindset.

If you’re feeling depressed or overwhelmed with bad vibes, turn to techniques that have proven to help. Try exercising or moving around, talk to a friend, or put on your headphones and listen to one of the best meditation apps for relaxing.

Read the full article: Be Positive! 5 Good News Websites for Uplifting & Inspirational Stories

Source: MakeUseOf | 4 Apr 2020 | 5:30 pm(NZT)

Do More With Your Android Phone: 70+ Tips and Tricks You Should Know

Whether you’re a new convert or a veteran user, whether you have the latest Samsung Galaxy or something much older, our Android tips and tricks will help you!

Android phones have come a long way over the past few years. No matter which brand you’re using, there are plenty of awesome tips and features that you need to know about—they’ll make your life easier, guaranteed.

And not just tips and features, but apps as well. With so many apps in the Google Play Store (and elsewhere), you can pretty much do anything you want with your Android phone. You just need to know what’s out there!

Here’s everything we’ve written to turn you into an Android master.

Understanding Android

Confused about a particular Android feature? Want to grab a few tips and tricks for things like Google Assistant and Android Auto? Check out these useful articles:

Basic Android Tips and Tricks


Your Android phone can do more than just download and install apps. Here are some of our favorite practical tips for taking your Android skills to the next level, and they aren’t difficult at all:

Advanced Android Tips and Tricks


Did you know your Android phone has a built-in FM radio? Or maybe you want to connect a game controller to play your mobile games? Here are some of the cooler things you can do with a bit of know-how:

Useful Apps for Android Users

With the right apps, you can turn your mundane Android phone into a powerhouse tool. Want to make free phone calls? Learn a new skill? Work out and improve your health? Listen to podcasts or stream TV shows? Yep, there’s an app for that:

Practical Apps

Entertainment Apps

Google Play Store Tips

Troubleshooting Android Device Issues

No matter what device you’re using, Android or otherwise, you’re bound to run into issues. When that happens, you can consult our best articles on how to solve issues and problems on Android phones:

Read the full article: Do More With Your Android Phone: 70+ Tips and Tricks You Should Know

Source: MakeUseOf | 4 Apr 2020 | 10:00 am(NZT)

You Can Now Watch HBO Shows for Free

HBO is giving away some of its best TV shows for free. It’s also throwing in a handful of movies and documentaries, again for free. This programming is all available for a limited time only on HBO NOW and HBO GO, and all without the need for a subscription.

How to Watch HBO Shows for Free

Starting from April 3, you can watch some HBO shows, movies, and documentaries for free through HBO NOW or HBO GO. In all, HBO is giving away almost 500 hours of programming “for a limited time,” but at least until the end of April.

You’ll be able to stream this content without an HBO subscription on or, or by downloading the HBO NOW or HBO GO apps. It will also be made available via “participating distribution partners’ platforms” in the coming days.

My bosses want me to tell you these series will be available to stream on HBO NOW and HBO GO for free starting tomorrow:@BallersHBO
Six Feet Under
The Sopranos
True Blood@VeepHBO
The Wire#StayHomeBoxOffice

— HBO (@HBO) April 2, 2020

The TV shows on offer include The Wire, The Sopranos, Six Feet Under, Silicon Valley, Veep, and Ballers. There are multiple seasons available for each show, which means it’s possible to binge-watch the entire run of some of the best shows ever made.

The movies on offer include Isn’t It Romantic?, Crazy, Stupid, Love, The LEGO Movie 2: The Second Part, and Pokemon Detective Pikachu. Documentaries include McMillion$, The Apollo, The Case Against Adnan Syed, and The Inventor: Out for Blood in Silicon Valley.

Download: HBO NOW on Android | iOS
Download: HBO GO on Android | iOS

Beware Free Netflix Subscription Scams

This free HBO content is only available in the US, at least officially. However, if you use a VPN to mask your location you should be able to access HBO from wherever you are in the world, and, as a consequence, stream these TV shows and movies for free.

HBO is far from the only company giving stuff away for free due to the coronavirus crisis we’re all living through. In a similar vein you can now watch Live TV for free on Plex. However, despite what that email claimed, Netflix isn’t offering free subscriptions.

Read the full article: You Can Now Watch HBO Shows for Free

Source: MakeUseOf | 4 Apr 2020 | 9:30 am(NZT)

How to Fake Edit Website Text Using Google Chrome

Scroll through any social media website long enough, and you’ll eventually see a screenshot of a ridiculous conversation or similar text that seems outrageous. As it turns out, your instinct is right—most of these are actually fake.

You might not know that it’s really easy to doctor the text on a website and capture a screenshot of it. You don’t need any fancy photo editing software, either. WIn this article, we show you how to change text on a website using Chrome.

How to Edit Text on a Website

To change the text on any page, first load it in your browser. We’ll discuss Chrome here, but the process is similar in other browsers too.

With a page open, right-click on the chunk of text that you want to modify and choose Inspect (sometimes listed as Inspect Element). This will launch Chrome’s developer panel on the Elements page. If you’re wondering how to change text with F12, know that you can press F12 to open the same panel.

In that box, you’ll see the HTML for the page you’re visiting. See our introduction to HTML if this is unfamiliar to you.

Depending on the text you’ve selected, you’ll likely see some text in <p>, <div>, or other similar tags. Click the arrow next to those tags to expand the section and show the full text.

Chrome Change Website Text Developer

From there, simply double-click or right-click and choose Edit text on the block you want to change. Once you click away or hit Enter, the text will update.

You can do this as much as you like to change the various text. As you mouse over tags in the Elements panel, you’ll see the corresponding text on the page light up. You can remove entire blocks by right-clicking on them and choosing Delete element.

The page will retain your changes until you refresh it. Feel free to take a screenshot and share your funny edit wherever you like.

Fake MUO Screenshot

How to Fake Edit a Website Using Design Mode

If you love changing text on websites, you should know about Chrome’s Design Mode. This allows you to click any text and edit it immediately instead of having to sort through HTML.

To use it, press F12 to open Developer Options and switch to the Console tab. Then type the following line into the console (next to the arrow at the bottom of any warnings you see) and hit Enter:

document.designMode = "on"

Once you do this, you can click any text and immediately start typing to change it.

Chrome Design Mode Edit

It only applies to the current tab, and you’ll have to do this every time you want to use it. But when you want to make a lot of changes to a page’s text, it’s worth it.

Changing Words on a Website Made Easy

Once your browser downloads a webpage, you’re free to make whatever changes you want to the copy that’s on your device. That’s why it’s so easy to change the text displayed on a website. Now you know how to edit website text and have a bit of fun!

If you enjoyed this, check out these funny computer-based practical jokes to play on your friends.

Image Credit: nevodka/Shutterstock

Read the full article: How to Fake Edit Website Text Using Google Chrome

Source: MakeUseOf | 4 Apr 2020 | 7:00 am(NZT)

7 Smart Home Starter Kits That Are Worth the Money

The smart home movement is seriously misunderstood. It provides so many interesting benefits, such as reduced energy consumption or increased home property value, yet so many people are against it.

The worst myth is that smart homes are expensive, but when you look at home starter kits, it turns out that smart homes can be quite affordable.

Are you ready to dive in? If so, the best way is with a starter kit.

Reasons to Use a Starter Kit

1. Get started right away. Smart home products tend to be highly modular—you have a central device that controls a bunch of other devices connected to it.

This is great for flexibility. A starter kit lets you get started right now without having to spend time researching all the options.

2. No worries about compatibility. Smart home modularization is great in theory, but the reality is that there are a handful of competing standards. If two products don’t support the same standard, they won’t work together.

A home automation starter kit ensures that every product within the package is compatible with each other. Plus, you won’t have to worry about missing parts. All needed cables, devices, and more will be included in the kit.

3. Cheaper than buying piecemeal. When you buy a starter kit, the price you pay usually includes a small discount, so you spend less than if you bought each component separately. The discounts aren’t huge, but they aren’t negligible either.

1. Samsung SmartThings Home Monitoring Kit

Samsung SmartThings Home Monitoring Kit Samsung SmartThings Home Monitoring Kit Buy Now On Amazon $79.99

What’s included in the kit:

The SmartThings Home Monitoring Kit is an excellent way to get started because it offers a lot of potential for experimentation, and it has a lot of room for expansion later on. This smart home package includes multipurpose sensors that detect when doors or windows open, as well as motion sensors that track movement inside your home.

The SmartThings Home Monitoring Kit includes an outlet as well—this is used to power on electronics, appliances, and lights in your home. You can even integrate the SmartThings kit with Alexa to make controlling your home even more convenient.

2. Arlo Pro 3 Wireless Home Security Kit

Arlo Pro 3 Wireless Home Security Kit Arlo Pro 3 Wireless Home Security Kit Buy Now On Amazon $636.80

What’s included in the kit:

The Arlo Pro 3 Wireless Home Security Kit may seem a tad expensive. That being said, this is one area where it pays to spend a little more for quality.

The Arlo Pro 3 is an outdoor camera that has color night vision, a security light, a 160-degree field of view, the ability to send alerts when motion or sound is detected, and free cloud storage for footage. This wireless setup is also compatible with Amazon Alexa and Apple Homekit.

All in all, it’s a particularly good purchase if you’ve never had a home surveillance system before. What you’ll find is that there are plenty of creative ways to use surveillance cameras that go beyond simple security.

3. Lutron Caseta Smart Lighting Kit

Lutron Caseta Smart Lighting Kit Lutron Caseta Smart Lighting Kit Buy Now On Amazon $189.95 ($5.94 / oz)

What’s included in the kit:

This Lutron Caseta Smart Lighting Kit is pretty awesome. All you do is replace your wall switches with the Lutron dimmers, and you’ll be able to control them from afar, whether by using the included remotes or the Lutron mobile app.

What’s even nicer is that you can schedule your lights to turn on or off at certain times throughout the day, and the times you set will automatically adjust according to Daylight Savings.

The Lutron system can be controlled in a few other ways, including Siri, Amazon Alexa, Google Assistant, and Apple HomeKit.

4. Philips Hue Starter Kit

Philips Hue Starter Kit Philips Hue Starter Kit Buy Now On Amazon $169.00

What’s included in the kit:

The smart lighting options by Philips Hue tend to be a love-it-or-hate-it affair. At tens of dollars per bulb, you’re looking at some real damage to your wallet, but once you see all the cool things you can do, the price may well be worth it.

There’s a bit of a learning curve with the Philips Hue Starter Kit, but it’s not so bad that you’ll struggle with it. As long as you take your time, next-level smart home lighting will be within your grasp Philips Hue is compatible with Apple HomeKit, Google Assistant, as well as Amazon Alexa.

5. Ecobee3 Lite Smart Thermostat Kit

Ecobee3 Lite Smart Thermostat Kit Ecobee3 Lite Smart Thermostat Kit Buy Now On Amazon $199.00

What’s included in the kit:

Smart thermostats arguably ignited the whole smart home movement, mainly because they’re so practical. Using room sensors placed around the house, the Ecobee3 Lite Smart Thermostat Kit optimizes heating and cooling for maximum comfort while reducing overall energy usage.

When you’re out of the house, you can use the Ecobee app to adjust the room temperature before you come home. Plus, the setup is compatible with Alexa, Google Assistant, Cortana, Apple HomeKit, Samsung SmartThings, IFTT, and Wink.

6. Ring Alarm Home Security System

Ring Alarm Home Security System Ring Alarm Home Security System Buy Now On Amazon $199.00

What’s included in the kit:

Not only does the Ring Alarm Home Security Kit protect you from intruders, but it also protects you from the dangers hidden inside your home. For all of the tech you get in this smart home starter kit, it’s well worth the cash.

While the included motion sensor detects any unusual movement in your home, the contact sensors alert you when windows or doors open. When you want to arm or disarm your house, you can simply use the Ring keypad.

If you’re looking for even more protection, the kit also comes with sensors that detect freezing temperature, flooding, smoke, and carbon monoxide.

7. Wyze Smart Home Starter Pack

Wyze Smart Home Starter Pack Wyze Smart Home Starter Pack Buy Now On Amazon $99.00

What’s included in the kit:

Looking for a smart home kit that tackles lighting, electricity, and security? The Wyze Smart Home Starter Pack is an all-in-one kit for anyone looking to control lighting, plugs, and monitor activity around the house from a mobile app.

In addition to coming with an indoor security camera, it includes a motion sensor as well as a set of contact sensors. You can also set up the kit’s smart bulbs and plugs to manage electricity usage in your home.

The Best Smart Home Starter Kits

There was a time people thought smart homes were a passing fad. Yet, here we are, many years into the movement, and the industry is going strong, with no sign of letting up.

Want to see what the fuss is all about? That’s what these smart home kits are for! Pick one that looks intriguing to you and give it a try. At worst, it’s some money down the drain. At best, it’ll change your life.

For more inspiration, take a look at the best smart home hubs.

Read the full article: 7 Smart Home Starter Kits That Are Worth the Money

Source: MakeUseOf | 4 Apr 2020 | 6:00 am(NZT)

3 Undeniable Reasons Why You Need Online Anonymity

When it comes to discussing the importance of anonymity people will say things like, “If you’re not doing anything wrong, you don’t have anything to fear.” There’s an assumption that only people engaging in nefarious activities would want their identity to be protected.

In fact, there are many good reasons to care about anonymity, especially online. Being unable to keep your identity private when necessary can cause serious problems.

Here are some reasons that you might choose to remain anonymous on the internet, and why online anonymity is important. Plus we’ll some tips on how to protect your anonymity online.

1. Identity Protection

Why You Need Online Anonymity - identity protection

Sometimes you just don’t want anyone to know who you really are. Even if you aren’t involved in anything illegal or questionable. There’s a level of social safety that comes with anonymity. And that can be really important for introverts in online communities.

But more than that, imagine if you were a celebrity of global recognition. It can be tiresome to have paparazzi everywhere and no room for being alone. You’d be surprised how many well-known figures use sites like Reddit and 4chan in secret.

As President Barack Obama shared in his interview with Jerry Seinfeld:

Jerry Seinfeld: What is it that you really want to do that they won’t let you do?

Barack Obama: I would love to just be taking a walk and then I run into you and you’re sitting on a bench. And suddenly I say, “Hey Jerry, how’re you doing?” You say, “I’m doing pretty good, what’re you doing?” I say, “Nothing. Just a Saturday morning.”

Anonymity isn’t something that you think about as being valuable—but it is.

What Happens When Identity Isn’t Protected Online

South Korea is a good example of this. All residents of South Korea have something called a resident registration number (RRN). This is unique to each person and is used as an identifier. This number is usually required to register online accounts (e.g. games, websites, etc).

In theory, this makes a lot of sense because it ensures that each person can only create a single account per service. In practice, however, there are some big potential issues that could arise when things don’t go according to plan.

For example, in 2006, hundreds of thousands of RRNs were leaked from various consumer databases. Then cybercrimianals used these RRNs to create false accounts in a game called Lineage as part of a money laundering operation. The worst part is that these RRNs weren’t stolen by hackers. Instead, they were sold by company employees with database access.

Having your credit card numbers compromised would be bad enough. But at least credit card issues can be rectified and numbers can be changed without too much hassle. RRNs are not so easily changed, unfortunately, and one hiccup could be ruinous.

2. Personal Harassment

Why You Need Online Anonymity - personal harassment

Online anonymity also plays an important role in freedom of expression. One of the most amazing things about the internet is that it can give voices to those who are actively being silenced. This allows them to speak without fear of repercussion.

In 2011, authorities arrested Mohammed al-Maskati, an outspoken political activist in Bahrain. He was only released after signing an agreement to never again mention Bahrain in any form of media.

In this instance, al-Maskati’s choice to use his real name was intentional. He does not regret that choice despite the consequences he faced. However, for many others who are silenced in this way, anonymity is the only way to be heard while remaining safe.

But don’t think that this is only an issue in third-world countries. In fact, online harassment has been a huge topic of discussion right here in domestic America over the past few years, and that discussion won’t be dying down any time soon.

What Does Online Harassment Look Like?

Online harassment can manifest in many ways, including but not limited to:

But the safety to speak one’s mind freely is also important in scenarios that aren’t as “serious” as the ones above.

For example, some might say the world would be a better place if we were all held accountable for the online reviews we submit for products and services. But the opposite is also true: without fear of repercussion, we can be 100 percent truthful if we have something negative to say

Or consider the case of someone who lives in a dangerous neighborhood. They read a news article about yet another fatal shooting. Then they want to share their opinion in the comments. But they fear that the gang will find out and call for punishment. Anonymity allows for that.

Whistleblowing is an extreme version of this. This is where anonymously-released details and evidence can be used to keep people accountable for their words and actions. Without any anonymity, the revelation of high-stakes secrets would always come with dangerous consequences.

3. Sensitive Issues

Why You Need Online Anonymity - sensitive issues

There’s one other major category of people who benefit from anonymity: those who need more information on a given topic but don’t want to be caught seeking out that information. Most people actually fall into this group without realizing it.

One common example is someone who’s struggling with their sexuality, hasn’t gone public with that struggle, but has many unvoiced questions and concerns. This person can ask all of their questions in an online community without revealing their identity and risking premature exposure.

Medical questions are another sensitive area. It’s not uncommon to hear stories of young girls who got pregnant or contracted an STI and want to seek out medical advice without their parents finding out. The guy who’s having weird bowel movements may also want answers while remaining anonymous.

The list goes on: people who struggle with mental health issues, people who are cheating in relationships, people who need divorce advice, those caught up in legal issues and don’t want to incriminate themselves, etc.

We’ve all been in situations where we’ve taken our online anonymity for granted. We’ll find ourselves in many more of those same situations as the years go by. How would you feel if every single question of yours was tied to your real-life identity?

This is one reason why Reddit is so popular as a hub for online communities. You don’t even have to provide an email address to create an account, which allows people to make “throwaway” accounts and ask or provide information without risking their identities.

How to Protect Your Anonymity Online

Why You Need Online Anonymity - protecting your anonymity online

If you’re worried about your anonymity online, there are some practical steps you can take to protect it:

Use a VPN

A VPN is one of the best investments you can make to protect yourself online. It works by encrypting the data you send over the internet. This stops other people from being able to see what you do online. There are hundreds of VPN providers you can choose from.

But avoid free VPNs as these companies often make money by selling off user data. Instead, check our list of the best VPN services.

Browse With Tor

If you want to browse the internet with as much anonymity as possible, you should try the Tor browser. Unlike most browsers like Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox, Tor uses a process called onion routing.

This is where data is passed through multiple nodes in an encrypted format. This means you can still visit websites as usual (though they may load a bit slower) but it’s extremely difficult for anyone to track you online. If you chose to try this, check out our tips for using the Tor browser safely.

Don’t use Social Accounts to Log into Other Sites

Many sites let you use your Facebook or Google account to create a new login, which is very convenient. You don’t need to create a new username or remember a new password. However, linking your accounts from multiple sites together in this way is a big threat to your anonymity.

This is especially the case if you use your real name for your Facebook or Google accounts. Instead, you should create a new account for each site you want to use. If you’re worried about forgetting your passwords, you can use a password manager.

Why Online Anonymity Is Important

Online anonymity isn’t just for those who are up to no good. It’s important for all of us. Whether we’re avoiding cybercriminals, protecting ourselves from harassment, or dealing with a sensitive personal issue, we all benefit from being able to stay anonymous online.

We’ve shared some tips for protecting your anonymity online. But there are many more tools and services available to help you with this. To learn more, see our list of free guides to understand digital security and protect your privacy.

Read the full article: 3 Undeniable Reasons Why You Need Online Anonymity

Source: MakeUseOf | 4 Apr 2020 | 5:00 am(NZT)

The 12 Best Apps for the Apple Pencil

The Apple Pencil transforms the iPad from a touchscreen tablet to a computer with a precise pointing instrument. Add an Apple Pencil to your iPad or iPad Pro and you’ll watch the device spread its wings.

Tasks like editing photos, taking notes in class, drawing, and graphic design become more intuitive, faster, and easier. Check out our list of the best Apple Pencil apps for iPad and iPad Pro.

1. Apple Notes

Apple Notes Apple Pencil Drawing

Before you jump into the abyss of amazing third-party apps, don’t forget everything Apple Notes can do. The built-in Notes app comes with support for the Apple Pencil.

Make a new note, then just start writing with the Apple Pencil. You can scribble, draw, or do whatever else you want. Tap on the Pencil icon at the bottom to reveal the toolbar. From here, you can switch to a pen or a marker tip and pick any color you want.

Tap on the lasso tool icon to make a section. With it, simply draw over part of the note and you’ll be able to pick it up and move it around.

The best reason to use Apple Notes as a quick note-taking app on iPad is its integration with iOS/iPadOS. Tap on the Lock screen with your Apple Pencil and you’ll instantly open the Notes app with either a blank note or the last note you accessed (you can specify this in the app’s settings).

2. Notability

Notability Apple Pencil Notetaking

Notability is designed as a multipurpose note-taking app, especially for students. When you open a note, you can choose to write with your Apple Pencil or type with the keyboard (and easily alternate between them).

Plus, you can record the audio in the background. This makes Notability the best tool for taking lecture notes. You can change the background to show graph paper and write as much as you need, thanks to the infinite scrolling feature. Notability also marks page breaks, which makes it easy to export notes as PDFs or print them later.

Download: Notability ($8.99, in-app purchases available)

3. Adobe Photoshop

adobe photoshop on ipad

As the iPad continues to become more powerful, desktop-class apps are making their move to the tablet, including Adobe Photoshop. Adobe designed the app to take advantage of the iPad’s touchscreen and include support for the Apple Pencil.

With the app, you can create full PSDs with layers and use features you know from the desktop version, like spot healing and blending. There are other familiar tools like the Layer stack and Toolbar. To better help you while working, the app’s UI is context-aware, so it will only show tools that you really need.

You can try the app out with a 30-day free trial. Anyone with a current Adobe Photoshop monthly membership can use the app at no additional cost.

Download: Adobe Photoshop (Free trial, subscription required)

4. Linea Sketch

Linea Sketch App Prototype Sketching

Linea Sketch sits somewhere between a simple doodling app and more professional drawing tools like Procreate. It gives you the simplicity of doodling whatever you want, with power user tools like unlimited layers, transform tools, automatic ruler, grids, and more.

Like every other drawing app, Linea takes a canvas-based approach. Unlike Notability, you won’t find an endlessly scrolling page here. However, you can create multiple canvases and organize them in projects.

The grid tool gives you backgrounds for note-taking, drawing, and user interface design. Linea Sketch’s genius lies in its simple design. The tools are arranged in two panels on either side of the screen, letting you ignore features you don’t need.

But this is a double-edged sword, as many of Linea’s interesting features are hidden behind buttons. Once you get comfortable with the app, you should create a blank page and try all the tools at least once.

Download: Linea Sketch ($4.99)

5. GoodNotes 5

Goodnotes 5 iPad Drawing Notes

GoodNotes 5 is the modernized version of the original versatile note-taking iPad app. The first app’s premise was simple: it replicated a physical writing environment on the iPad. If you liked writing on a yellow legal pad, you could essentially get the same feeling on your iPad.

But this also meant that GoodNotes was limited in functionality. For example, it didn’t have the endless vertical scrolling we’re used to in apps like Notes and Notability. Instead, you had to flip pages every time.

GoodNotes 5 takes care of these annoyances. The continuous vertical scrolling makes note-taking much easier. And this version improves on all the aspects that make GoodNotes such a robust note-taking app. You can now nest as many folders as you want and organize them easily.

Plus, the handwriting recognition works even if your handwriting is poor.

Download: GoodNotes 5 ($7.99)

6. Pixelmator

Pixelmator iPad Photo Editing

Pixelmator is known as an intuitive and simple image editor. While you can use Pixelmator to quickly edit photos, it does a lot more than that. You can create an empty canvas, add and arrange photos, create shapes, add text, and more. Each lives on its own independent layer.

The Apple Pencil adds an extra layer of creativity. Using the selection tool, you can accurately single out parts of images that you want to edit. You can also write over images freehand, or draw any shape you want. Pixelmator comes with a variety of brushes, from calligraphy to crayons.

Download: Pixelmator ($4.99)

7. Procreate

Procreate iPad Apple Pencil Brushes

Procreate is the ultimate Apple Pencil app. If you can dream it, and you have the skills, you can probably make it using Procreate on iPad. If you don’t want to use Photoshop, Procreate is rightly championed as an Adobe suite replacement and one of the best professional iPad apps.

However, Procreate is best suitable for drawing and painting. It’s not really designed for graphic design and vector work.

Download: Procreate ($9.99)

8. Nebo

Nebo Handwriting iPad app

Nebo is a full-featured note-taking app that’s made even better with the Apple Pencil. With it, you can edit and format text and do tasks like add or remove content and space, plus decorate and apply different styles.

One of its headlining features is converting handwriting from the Apple Pencil into text that you can edit and add to different notes. The app recognizes more than 65 languages and will also convert handwritten symbols. You can also enter text using a keyboard if you prefer. When looking for specific information, both typed and handwritten text are searchable.

When you finish a note, it can be converted into Word, PDF, HTML, or text. While the app is free to download, the majority of features require an in-app purchase to unlock the Pro version.

Download: Nebo (Free, premium version available)

9. Sketch Club

Sketch Club

Sketch Club combines a great drawing and painting app with a vibrant community of artists looking to improve their craft.

When creating with an Apple Pencil, there are a wide variety of different tools at your disposal allowing you to create different layers with configurable blending, naming, and color tagging. You can create a canvas up to 16K resolution with a number of exportable sizes, including the standard 300 DPI. To help craft a perfect creation, there are many built-in tools to choose from, and you can even import others from the community.

Along with the drawing features, you can follow other artists and even gain followers while sharing creations. A new challenge arrives each day and a fresh competition comes each week, giving you a chance to improve. You can also live stream and chat for feedback while drawing.

Download: Sketch Club ($2.99)

10. Affinity Designer

Affinity Designer iOS

Affinity Designer is the only great fully featured vector design app on iPad. It brings almost all the features from the Mac app to your iPad, and does so in an intuitive manner.

At first glance, you might feel like there’s a lot going on as the app covers three edges of the screen with toolbars. But don’t be overwhelmed; tap on each button and you’ll see detailed options appear.

To make working easier, Affinity has three different modes: Vector, Pixel, and Export. The Vector mode is for drawing, while Pixel mode is similar to using a raster app like Photoshop. If you’re using Designer to design graphics or user interfaces, Export mode makes it easy to export individual assets.

The app is fast and slick. Start creating points and paths, and you’re on your way to creating an illustration. The features you expect from a good vector design app (pen tool, node tool, fill tool, live shapes) are all here, and they’ve been made more intuitive for a touchscreen.

Download: Affinity Designer ($19.99)

11. Flow by Moleskine

Flow by Moleskine

Flow by Moleskine takes the iconic notebook to your iPad. Just like with a real Moleskine, if you can dream it, it’s possible to create using the app and an Apple Pencil.

One of the most unique features of the app is that documents are an infinite width, so you can simply pan and continue the drawing. And with a virtual toolset, you can create custom tools available with just a single tap.

The app is free to download. A subscription unlocks cloud storage and backup for all documents and tools so you can start on one iPad and then pick up work on another.

Download: Flow by Moleskine (Free, subscription available)

12. Pigment

Pigment Apple Pencil Coloring App

Coloring has been known to reduce stress and anxiety. The mere act of taking time out of your busy life and focusing on coloring can be meditative. And you don’t need to buy an adult coloring book or colored pencils to get started. All you need is an iPad coloring app.

Pigment has a collection of more than 4,000 coloring pages. You’ll certainly find something that strikes your fancy , as it has everything from simple nature drawings to complex mandalas that you can really take your time with.

Pigment has two coloring modes. If you want, you can tap on a shape to only color inside it. No matter how inaccurate you are, the color won’t bleed outside the selection. If you want a more realistic drawing experience, don’t tap on the shape before you start coloring.

Download: Pigment (Free, subscription available)

Get More From Your Apple Pencil

As we’ve seen, the Apple Pencil is truly a remarkable tool when paired with iPad apps designed for it. Grab some of the best apps for Apple Pencil and see what you can create.

For more, why not pick up some of the best Apple Pencil accessories?

Read the full article: The 12 Best Apps for the Apple Pencil

Source: MakeUseOf | 4 Apr 2020 | 4:00 am(NZT)

New PC? 15 Must-Have Windows Applications You Should Install First

Whether you’ve just purchased a new PC or reinstalled Windows, the first task you’ll likely do is installing apps. While there are dozens of amazing Windows programs, knowing which are the must-have software for Windows 10 makes setting up a new installation easy.

In no particular order, let’s step through 15 essential apps for Windows 10 that everyone should install right away, along with some alternatives.

1. Internet Browser: Google Chrome

Download Chrome Page

Unsurprisingly, Google Chrome is our top browser pick. It’s still super-speedy, includes little conveniences like instantly searching Google for an image, and the library of Chrome extensions is vast. Throw in cross-platform syncing that lets you open your desktop tabs on your phone and vice-versa, and you’ve got a fantastic browser for all purposes.

Chrome isn’t without its faults, however. Plenty of people want to avoid Google’s pervasive tracking in Chrome, and it gobbles a lot of RAM. But the good news is that you have plenty of other fantastic browsers to choose from, like Firefox and Opera.

Download: Google Chrome (Free)
Download: Firefox (Free)
Download: Opera (Free)

2. Cloud Storage: Google Drive

Google Drive Homepage

If you only pick one cloud app service, Google Drive is the one you should install. It offers 15GB of free storage, which is shared across your Google Photos and Gmail accounts.

Google Drive offers an app for every major platform, so you can take your files anywhere. On Windows, the app is now called Backup and Sync from Google, which allows you to back up folders on your computer and external devices, too.

It’s also super easy to share files with others, plus it plays well with Google’s productivity suite. Whether you use it as part of your backup plan, as a cloud flash drive, or for setting up shared folders with others, Google Drive is an essential pick.

Paired with OneDrive that comes built into Windows 10 or another free cloud storage provider, you can get plenty of storage space and separate your files logically.

Download: Google Drive (Free, subscription available)

3. Music Streaming: Spotify

Years ago, listening to music on your desktop meant painstakingly importing and organizing a collection of MP3s. That’s no longer the case; music streaming services eliminate the need for buying individual albums physically or digitally.

There are many music streaming services in the market, but we recommend Spotify. Its ad-supported free plan lets you listen to as much music as you like, and the Spotify Premium upgrade is definitely worth it for avid listeners. Spotify is also home to hundreds of podcasts, making everything available in one convenient place.

Spotify also has a dedicated Windows app, while Apple Music requires the bloated iTunes and Google Play Music is web-only. If you’re invested in either ecosystem, though, the respective music app might be a better choice for you.

Download: Spotify (Free, subscription available)
Visit: Apple Music (Free trial, subscription required)
Visit: Google Play Music (Free, subscription available)

4. Office Suite: LibreOffice

Chances are that you’ll need a tool that lets you work with documents, spreadsheets, and presentations at some point. You might think that paying for Microsoft Office is the only way to do this, but that’s far from the truth.

No Windows user should go without LibreOffice. It’s a completely free and powerful office suite that includes alternatives to Microsoft Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Access, and more. Once you get used to a few small aesthetic differences from MS Office, you’ll be flying through your work with LibreOffice.

Note that OpenOffice, a popular alternative, is basically dead now. If you don’t want to use LibreOffice, try FreeOffice.

Download: LibreOffice (Free)
Download: FreeOffice (Free)

5. Image Editor: Paint.NET

Paint.Net Windows

Whether you want to try your hand at image manipulation, need a way to blur sensitive info on screenshots, or want to retouch old photos, everyone should have an image editing program installed. Photoshop is the gold standard for this, but there are plenty of free tools that are more accessible.

Paint.NET is our top choice. It’s far more powerful than Microsoft Paint but doesn’t overwhelm you with loads of confusing tools. You can easily blur out parts of an image, auto-level photos to make them look better, and add text and shapes to your pictures in just a few clicks. Plenty of plugins allow you to expand its functionality, too.

If you find Paint.NET too basic, GIMP is a more advanced solution.

Download: Paint.NET (Free)
Download: GIMP (Free)

6. Security: Malwarebytes Anti-Malware

Malwarebytes Windows

Windows 10 includes Windows Defender, which is a good enough antivirus for most people. However, it’s wise to keep a secondary security program installed.

For this, you can’t beat Malwarebytes. The free version lets you scan your system for malware that your antivirus might not catch. And for a powerful blended security solution, we think upgrading to Malwarebytes Premium is worth the cost.

Download: Malwarebytes (Free, subscription available)

7. Media Player: VLC

Thanks to YouTube’s ubiquitous nature, you probably don’t watch local videos too often. However, you should still keep a solid video player around on your desktop for when you need to play media files locally.

For this task, nothing beats VLC Media Player, which packs a ton of features and is capable of playing nearly every video and audio format imaginable. You might not break it out often, but give VLC a download and save yourself the hassle of messing with video codecs or using the awfully insecure QuickTime.

Download: VLC (Free)

8. Screenshots: ShareX

Taking a Windows screenshot is useful for everything from capturing funny moments to having a record of important information. The basic Snipping Tool and Snip & Sketch apps only provide a barebones feature set, so you need something better.

You won’t find a better free screenshot tool than ShareX. With tons of capture methods, a powerful built-in editor, automated steps after you take a screenshot, and extra tools like a color grabber and ruler, ShareX has an impressive feature set for no cost.

If ShareX overwhelms you, give PicPick a try instead.

Download: ShareX (Free)
Download: PicPick (Free)

9. File Compression and Extraction: 7-Zip

Windows includes native support for simple zipped files, but anything beyond the basics requires a more powerful tool. While this isn’t the most exciting software category, it’s important to have so you can work with any kind of archived files you might encounter.

7-Zip is the gold standard for file compression and extraction apps. It’s small and installs in seconds, is easy to use, and stays out of your way when you’re not using it. Those who needs advanced features will still find them in 7-Zip, though.

The only drawback of 7-Zip is its aged appearance. If you can’t get over that, take a look at PeaZip, which is a similar tool with a much more attractive interface. Either way, you certainly don’t need to pay for tools like WinRAR.

Download: 7-Zip (Free)
Download: PeaZip (Free)

10. Messaging: Rambox

Chances are that you use at least one messaging service to stay in touch with your friends during the day. With so many options to choose from, there’s no way we could pick the best messaging service because it all depends on what your friends use. So why not pick all of them?

Rambox is our pick for the best messaging app on Windows. It lets you add accounts from dozens of popular messaging services, including WhatsApp, Facebook Messenger, Skype, Telegram, GroupMe, Hangouts, Discord, and many more.

The app simply adds a new tab for every service you use, letting you keep up with every group in one window. It includes some extra features that make it more useful than opening them in your browser, and you can easily close one program when it’s time to focus. While Rambox’s free plan has some limitations, it offers more for free than competitors like Franz.

Download: Rambox (Free, subscription available)

A Few More Important Software for Your PC

Let’s quickly wrap up with five other programs that everyone should install. These don’t fit into any of the above categories, but are handy nonetheless:

Windows 10 Essential Apps and Programs: Installed!

We’ve looked at must-have apps for Windows 10 that everyone should install right away—and they’re almost all free! If you don’t prefer one of our favorites, you’ll find a suitable alternative without much trouble. Most people will get plenty of use out of these programs and appreciate them much more than basic default software.

Now that you know the essential software for PC users, you should also be aware of unnecessary Windows apps that you should uninstall.

Read the full article: New PC? 15 Must-Have Windows Applications You Should Install First

Source: MakeUseOf | 4 Apr 2020 | 3:00 am(NZT)

The 4 Best Free Alternatives to DAEMON Tools for Mounting Image Files

Sometimes you come across a file type you’ve never seen before. It’s a disk image file, but you don’t know what it means to mount that file and create a virtual drive. Depending on your operating system version and file type, you might need a third party program like DAEMON Tools.

For years, DAEMON Tools remained the first-choice software for mounting these files. However, free alternatives to DAEMON Tools exist and continue to become more competitive.

So, why pay outright? Try these three free alternatives to DAEMON Tools for mounting image files.

Do I Need a Virtual Drive?

Before downloading any software, you might wonder if you need a virtual drive. You only really need a virtual drive if you want to mount disk image files. Disk image files are digital copies of optical media such as CDs, DVDs, and Blu-ray disks.

It is possible to rip the entire contents of optical media and then mount it with image mounting software. The software installs a virtual optical drive on your PC, which functions exactly the same as a normal drive. But instead of physical media, you feed it image files.

You can then access the disk image file as if you had put a physical disk into your computer. It’s useful when you download software or applications but want to avoid burning them to a disk. Just mount your chosen software in the virtual drive.

DAEMON Tools Lite

daemon tools lite mount interface

There exists a free version of the DAEMON Tools product line, DAEMON Tools Lite. However, this version does come with ads. For the ad trade-off, DAEMON Tools Lite mounts images, VHDs, and ZIP archives.

It detects these image types: .MDX, .CCD, .BWT, .VMDK, .MDS, .ISZ, .NRG, .VDI, .MDF, .CDI, .VHD, .ZIP, .ISO, .IMG, .B5T, .B6T, .TC, .CUE, and .ISCSI.

As a free user, you can only mount four virtual drives.

Download: DAEMON Tools Lite (Free, Ad-Free Version: $5.99)

Alternatives to DAEMON Tools

If you want to find alternatives, don’t worry. Maybe you’re after a simpler software and don’t have any use for exotic file types. Regardless of your reasons, here are three good alternatives to DAEMON Tools that won’t cost you a penny.

1. Use Windows 10’s Mounting Feature for ISO

If you’re just looking to mount an ISO image, there’s no need to install any third-party software. Here are three ways to do it before installing any software:

This mounting method can save you some time if you’ve just learned how to create an ISO image of your Windows system.

2. WinCDEmu

wincdemu portable screen

The first freeware and open source program is WinCDEmu. Right off the bat, you’ll notice the much more minimalist design for this program compared to DAEMON Tools.

When you open WinCDEmu’s settings you’ll see they consist of drive letter policy, your language, and whether you want to require administrator rights (UAC) to mount an image.

While WinCDEmu doesn’t cover all the same types as DAEMON Tools, it supports many of the major formats. The mountable image file types are: .ISO, .CUE, .NRG, .MDS, .BIN, .CCD and .IMG.

WinCDEmu offers a portable version too. This special build of WinCDEmu doesn’t require an installation (just a quick driver install), so it’s useful if you don’t want to keep a mounting program installed. Also, you’ll have access to an unlimited amount of drives.

Download: WinCDEmu (Free)
Download: WinCDEmu – Portable Version (Free)

3. Virtual CloneDrive

virtual clone drive examples

Virtual CloneDrive functions in a similar way to WinCDEmu. On installation, you agree to associate it with certain file formats. Specifically, you can choose between CCD, DVD, ISO, IMG, UDF, and BIN disk image formats.

Open the program to get a few more drive options. You can choose to replace your virtual drive icons with that of sheep (virtual sheep), keep a history of your recent disk mounts, auto-mount your last image, show a tray icon, and the eject command unmounts image files. Of these, the history setting offers the most advantage since it makes it easy to swap between recent images.

You can also alter the number of drives available at a time. However, it caps out when you hit fifteen.

Download: Virtual CloneDrive (Free)

4. Alcohol Portable

alcohol portable interface

Alcohol Portable offers another alternative where you don’t need to install the software. While it does have a set-up file, it simply creates a folder with all the program contents. Once you’re in the program, you can remove it with one click.

Hit File then select Exit + Remove Device Driver and Service. It’s a great option if you don’t want to leave a footprint just to mount one single file.

Alcohol Portable is easy to use too. Drag your image file onto Alcohol Portable, and it will mount itself. By right clicking your image file, you can choose to unmount the image file or set its drive letter as well.

The only downside is unlike the other virtual drives, you can’t locate a support list of what file types work within the app. However, there’s no problem mounting common file types like ISO or MDS.

Download: Alcohol Portable (Free)

Explore Programs Like Daemon Tools

If you’re looking for a free alternative to Daemon Tools, all these programs cover the most common file types. Plus, if you need to use Daemon Tools, you can always use Daemon Tools Lite for free. Just decide how frequently you use a file mounting software and the file types you come across.

Are you looking to use disk image files for operating systems other than Windows? Consider looking into how to extract ISO files with Linux. If you’d rather apply what you know with Windows, why not create a bootable USB from an ISO with these tools.

Read the full article: The 4 Best Free Alternatives to DAEMON Tools for Mounting Image Files

Source: MakeUseOf | 4 Apr 2020 | 2:00 am(NZT)

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