2023 年选举:国家党财政计划承诺降低税收、严格政府支出

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【澳纽网编译】国家党公布了财政计划,表示将降低税收、减少净债务并严格政府支出。

在今天下午举行的媒体会议上,国家党党魁克里斯托弗·卢克森表示,他的政党知道“你无法通过花钱来实现强劲的经济,就像在你自己的家庭中,你无法通过花钱来获得更好的财务状况一样”。

“国家党将减少即将到来的预算中新支出的拨款,但仍将把资金投入到新西兰人需要的地方,并且每年将更多资金投入到健康和教育领域。”

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财政部发言人尼古拉·威利斯表示,虽然“许多人都进行了通货膨胀调整,但纳税人仍然没有经过通货膨胀调整的税收起征点”。

至于交通资金,威利斯表示,国家党将采取与工党不同的路线。

“我们不准备在下个学期提高汽油税。这是新西兰人在生活成本危机中苦苦挣扎的最后一件事。”

她表示,国家党将重新将主要收益与通胀挂钩。

卢克森表示,人们仍然可以获得补贴处方药。

“我们想说的是,有能力支付费用的人应该支付费用,我们通过筹集的资金将用于资助 13 种新的癌症治疗方法。”

威利斯表示,国家党将在 2023/24 和 24/25 预算中维持现有的社会住房资本分配。

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“资本津贴中有资金可用于未来潜在的分配,但正如克里斯·毕晓普之前表示的那样,我们希望首先对 Kāinga Ora 提供社会住房的方法进行全面审查。我们对他们的效率感到担忧。”

承诺增加卫生和教育方面的一线支出,并配合工党的计划,为卫生成本压力预留 1.4 亿纽币。

国家党表示,其每年的支出将比工党少,四年内支出超过 30 亿纽币。

节省资金的一种方法是改变福利计算方式,重新将福利与通货膨胀而不是工资挂钩,从而在预测期内节省 20 亿纽币。

威利斯表示,未来的预算将为需要更多资金的学校和医院腾出空间。

“与工党相比,国家党的严格做法预计将在 2027/28 年度减少 34 亿纽币的债务。”

她表示,在国家党领导下,预计 2026/27 年将出现 29 亿纽币的盈余,“比工党高出 0.8 亿纽币”。

“我们提供了重要的缓冲,即 9.9 亿纽币的未分配运营支出,以确保我们能够应对成本压力和不断变化的情况。”

 

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它将承诺每年提高福利,尽管它将削减福利支出。

威利斯说:“我们在任期间每年都会增加福利,以确保他们跟上生活成本。”

它还将恢复将收益与通胀挂钩,而不是工资增长挂钩,这将在预测期内节省 20 亿纽币。

她表示,国家党还将解决生活成本危机的根本原因,“包括不增加更多的汽油税……不继续向导致租金上涨的房东增加更多的税收”。

关于社会住房,威利斯表示:“我们将在 2023/24 和 24/25 预算中维持现有的社会住房资本分配。资本津贴中有资金可用于未来潜在的分配,但正如克里斯·毕晓普之前表示的那样,我们希望首先对 Kāinga Ora 提供社会住房的方法进行全面审查。我们对他们这样做的效率感到担忧。”

卢克森表示,还将考虑增加住房存量供应,“以便我们也对住房成本施加下行压力”。

关于处方药补贴,卢克森表示,人们仍然能够获得处方药补贴。

“我们想说的是,有能力支付费用的人应该支付费用,我们通过筹集的资金将用于资助 13 种新的癌症治疗方法。”

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圣诞节前迷你预算,减少部门支出

威利斯表示,如果当选,国家党将在圣诞节前提交一份迷你预算,“其中我们列出了一些我们认为使新西兰重回正轨所必需的节省和重新优先顺序”。

“我们已经确定了 24 个机构,其部门成本(不是产出,也不是他们向外部服务提供的资金),即自身运营成本总计上升了 60% 以上。我们的建议是他们的自身运营成本平均降低了 6.5%。

“圣诞节前我们将要求首席执行官和高级公务员确定他们自己部门中可以节省开支的领域。我们将把这些建议提交给部长们…… .[谁]最终将对决策负责。”

卢克森表示,工党通过花费多少钱来衡量成功,而国家党则通过所取得的成果来衡量成功。

“我们将在新西兰的所有公共服务中制定更好的公共服务目标,以便每个人都关注结果。有了这一系列产出,我们希望首席执行官们能够无情地关注,锐化他们的组织来达到目标。

“We’re going to have better public service targets across all of our public services in New Zealand so that everybody is focused on the outcomes. Having that set of outputs in place, that’s what we want CEOs to then be ruthlessly focused on, sharpening their organisations to deliver against that.

“这意味着停止那些不会带来这些结果的愚蠢项目……不填补空缺,将 200 名通讯人员转移到前线 200 名护士。

“我们希望一切都从后台转移到一线,以实现这些目标。”

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国家党的五项财政原则

  • 1.恢复盈余并减少债务– 国家党将在 2026/27 年实现盈余,减少政府债务(与 PREFU 预测相比减少 3.4 亿纽币),并为未来的支出补贴提供缓冲。
  • 2.支持一线服务——国家党将支持一线服务,并优先增加卫生和教育资金,以应对通货膨胀。
  • 3.投资基础设施——国家党将投资基础设施以提高生产力并为新西兰经济复苏做出贡献,包括向国家陆路交通基金注入37亿纽币。
  • 4.恢复政府支出纪律——国家党将减少官僚支出,更好地管理社会福利支出,并停止为奥克兰轻轨等失败项目提供资金。
  • 5.为辛勤工作的新西兰人提供税收减免——国家党将为有幼儿接受托儿服务的平均收入家庭提供每两周高达 250 牛逼的税收减免。

该计划已由卡斯塔利亚(Castalia)独立审查,该公司还审查了国家党的税收计划。

绿党今天也将公布其财政计划。

工党本周早些时候公布了财政计划。

ACT上周公布了替代预算。

来源:RNZ

分类: 澳纽资讯

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